Carbon sequestration proposed as ‘cap-and-trade’ alternative (copy)

A new Oregon state program aimed at curbing greenhouse gas emissions is under criticism for omitting investments that could help farms and forests sequester carbon from the atmosphere.

A new program aimed at significantly curbing Oregon’s greenhouse gas emissions is coming under criticism for omitting investments that could help farms and forests sequester more carbon from the atmosphere.

The Oregon Department of Environmental Quality released draft rules for the Climate Protection Program on Aug. 5 — similar to cap-and-trade legislation thwarted twice in the state Legislature by Senate Republicans who fled the Capitol to deny a vote.

After the second walkout in 2020, Gov. Kate Brown signed an executive order requiring Oregon DEQ and other state agencies to take action on harmful emissions, targeting a 45% reduction below 1990 levels by 2035 and 80% below 1990 levels by 2050.

Like cap and trade, the Climate Protection Program sets a limit on emissions that gradually lowers each year.

Part of the program also allows regulated utilities and fuel suppliers to buy or trade offset credits to meet their reduction goals, referred to as “community climate investments,” or CCIs.

CCIs would pay for a variety of projects to transition Oregonians from fossil fuels to cleaner, more sustainable sources of energy, said Colin McConnaha, who manages Oregon DEQ’s Office of Greenhouse Gas Programs.

However, McConnaha said it will not subsidize carbon sequestration on natural and working lands, such as through no-till farming and the planting of cover crops. While DEQ is not opposed to carbon sequestration, McConnaha said the primary focus of the program is reducing fossil fuels in homes, vehicles and businesses.

“The primary drawback in the context of this program is simply that it would take funding away from investments in hastening Oregon’s clean energy transition,” McConnaha said.

That decision is not sitting well with some members of the rules advisory committee tasked with helping DEQ to develop the draft rules.

Jan Lee, executive director of the Oregon Association of Conservation Districts, said carbon sequestration is not only a critical tool for addressing climate change, but can benefit rural communities that are disproportionately impacted by creating healthier, more resilient landscapes.

Lee said from the beginning the committee discussed carbon sequestration within the CCI program. Then, at the final meeting in July, it was suddenly removed without explanation.

“It was very difficult at the end to drop it out,” said Lee, whose association represents 45 soil and water conservation districts across Oregon. “Sequestration was one of the few things that could be done in rural areas to deal with the impact of climate change.”

Under Gov. Brown’s executive order, the Oregon Global Warming Commission has also drafted a natural and working lands proposal that calls for a net sequestration of 9.5 million metric tons of carbon dioxide per year by 2050.

Not connecting sequestration with the Climate Protection Program’s source of funding “is a big missed opportunity,” Lee said.

The Climate Protection Program sets the initial price of CCIs at $81 per metric ton of carbon. At 9.5 million metric tons, that adds up to $769.5 million worth of investment that could be coming in to rural Oregon, said Wallowa County Commissioner John Hillock.

“If you leave out sequestration, the rural communities aren’t going to be able to share in this money,” Hillock said.

Jeff Stone, executive director of the Oregon Association of Nurseries, said he was likewise disappointed to see carbon sequestration excluded from the draft rules.

If the Climate Protection Plan has winners and losers, the question then becomes what Oregon wants its economy to look like in 25-30 years, Stone said.

“We should be doing things that enhance agriculture, and that enhances carbon sequestration,” Stone said. “I think there’s a missed opportunity here in trying to build more bridges rather than walls between urban and rural.”

McConnaha, with Oregon DEQ, insists the program will prioritize rural communities while maintaining the focus on transitioning to cleaner fuels.

For example, he said many rural households and businesses — including agriculture and forestry — have a tougher challenge switching to cleaner modes of transportation since they often have to travel longer distances and traverse rough terrain.

“This makes helping enable that switch to cleaner transportation especially important for these communities,” he said.

A 60-day public comment period is currently underway for the Climate Protection Program, ending Oct. 4. DEQ will also hold two virtual public hearings to discuss the proposal on Sept. 22 and Sept. 30.

Final rules need to be approved by the Environmental Quality Commission before going into effect as early as next year.

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